Rhetorical tools in John F. Kennedy's opening address

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According to Aristotle, a speaker or writer has three ways to persuade his audience: the first race depends on the speaker's personality; the second is putting the audience in a certain mind; the third is evidence or evidence that is included in the words of speech.

One of the most influential people who has made a memorable speech over the past century, President John F. Kennedy has written a shaping title that can convince many people.

His well-known speech shows that the author or reader contributes to the purpose or theme of a message sent to his or her country by a persuasive written or spoken discourse (rhetoric) providing the meaningful meaning of the author or speaker.

Definition of terms:

1. Alliteration : Repeating Consonant Sounds at the Beginning of Conspicuous Words

2. Allusion : A brief or indirect reference to a person, place, event, or passage in the Bible or the Bible suggests that the reader is well aware of it. Amplification : Detailing Details to Clarify a Point

4. Analogism : Comparison between two things, in which the more complex is simpler. Anaphora : Repeat one or more words in the header of consecutive phrases, sentences, or sentences. Anastrophe : Translating the Order of Words to Emphasize the Focus

7. Antimetabol : Reverse or Repetitive Words or Expressions for Effect

8. Antithesis : Contrast in parallel terms (not to be confused with the word "extreme opposite"). Assonance : Repeating vocal tones between different consonants

10. Asyndeton : Lack of connective tissues

11. Chiasmus : Reversing the grammatical order from one term to another.

12th Climax : Sorting words, clauses, or sentences in ascending order of importance, weight or focus.

13th Conduplication : It resembles an anthropology in the repetition of the previous word, but it recognizes a keyword (not just the last word) of the previous sentence, clause or sentence at the beginning of the next.

] 14. Consonance : Repeat the same consonances with two or more words in the vicinity

. Ellipsis : A missed speech part that is easy to understand in context. Ethos : Use what the audience value and think you're right or true.

17th Hyperbole : Intentional Exaggeration for Creating Humor or Focus

18. Images : Vivid descriptions that make things look more soul-minded with one or more of five feelings. Logos : They are attracted to the sense of toxic, logical ways

20. Metanoia : Certification of a statement that either reduces or strengthens your voice. Metaphor : A report or identity formulated on a topic differently. Oxymoron : Contradictory Expressions or Ideas are Combined

. Parallelism : Arranging words, phrases, clauses, or larger structures by matching them and their similarity. Paradox : A statement that contradicts itself, but it turns out to be a rational meaning. Pathos : Creating Emotions

26. Personification : Assigning human attributes to non-human or lifeless objects. Polysyndeton : Paste the conjunction for each word before the list

28. Repeat : The word or phrase has been used near two or more times.

29th Rhetorical Question : The question of rheumatic effect is to emphasize a point, it does not expect an answer. Sententia : Pointing Point with Aphorism

31. Syntax : The grammatical structure of the sentence; Arranging words in one sentence

32. Tricolon : Parallel Words, Expressions, Clauses or Statements

33. Zeugma : Includes several similar rhetorical tools, each containing grammatically correct interconnection with two or more parts of speech with another part of speech

The rhetorical tools that are present in John F. Kennedy

* "The same solemn" (second sentence of the second paragraph)

"(The first sentence of the third paragraph)

•" with which our forefathers fought " (paragraph 3, second sentence)

• "friends and foes alike" (fourth paragraph)

(paragraph 5)

• "Pay any price, burden …" (paragraph 5)

• "survival and success of freedom" (paragraph 5)

• "loyal friends" (paragraph 7, first sentence)

• "colonial control" (paragraph 8, first sentence)

• "strongly supports" (Paragraph 8 para (paragraph 9)

• "sovereign states" (p. 11). (paragraph 14)

• "Constant Dissolution" (paragraph 14)

• "Honestness Always Submitted" (paragraph 15)

9 . and the last paragraph)

• "carries the burden" (from 6th to the last paragraph)

• "large and global alliance" (5th and last paragraph)

• "victim" first sentence)

• "Let's go and drive the land we love …" (second sentence of last paragraph)

* Allusion [19659002] "I swore before you and God Almighty." (Second sentence of the second paragraph)

• "those who foolishly sought my power to ride from the back of the tiger" (last sentence of paragraph 8)


• "Both sides … Leave both sides … Leave both sides … Leave both parties (paragraphs 16 to 19)

* Analogism

•" Who foolishly seek the tiger (paragraph 3, sentence 3) • "Anaphora

•" all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life "(1st sentence, third sentence) •" not because the Communists can do it, not because they are seeking their votes, but because they are right "(paragraph 9, first sentence)

•" … to the new states … to the people. .. To His Sister … To the World … to the Nations … "(paragraphs 7 to 12)

•" No I always expect to find them rting our opinion. But we always hope to vigorously support their own freedom "(paragraph 8, second and third sentence)

•" both sides are overwhelmed by the cost of modern weapons and both are rightly concerned about the constant propagation of the lethal atom, yet they both compete to change (paragraph 14)

• "For both parties … Leave both sides … Leave both parties … Leave both parties" (paragraphs 16-19)

• " not like wearing arms, though we need weapons, not a call to fight, though we are pungent, but an invitation to wear long twilight, year after year and season "(from the 6th to the last paragraph) •" the first hundred days. It will not be completed during the first thousand days, neither in the life of the administration nor in the life of our planet … "(from 8th to the last paragraph) •" It should not be " (paragraph 4, first sentence and seventh paragraph, paragraph 13 and sentence of the third paragraph)

• "We promise" (paragraph 6)

• "Do not ask" (paragraph 26)

* Antimetabole

• "Do not ask what your country can do for you – ask what you can do for your country" (3. – we never talk about fear, but do not be afraid to negotiate. second sentence)

* • "Today is not the party's victory, but the holiday of liberty and the beginning of renewal and change." (paragraph 2, first sentence)

• "… not from the generosity of the state, but from the hands of God" (A third second sentence)

• "Support friends, all enemies …" (v.

• "There is not enough that we can not do in a number of co-operating businesses … we can hardly divide …" (second sentence of paragraph 7)

• "Not because … not because … but because … "(paragraph 9, first sentence) [19659002] •" We never discuss fear, but do not be afraid to negotiate "(second paragraph of paragraph 15)

•" Both parties will discover that what are the problems that we draw us instead of grasping the problems that share us "(paragraph 16)

•" not a new power balance but a new world of law "(paragraph 20)

•" No (paragraph 23)

• "I will not restrain from this responsibility – I welcome you" (paragraph 2, second sentence)

• "… ask what you can do for your country, ask what you can do for your country "(par rafus)

• "Do not ask what America will do for you, but we can do it for human freedom" (2 to the last paragraph)

* [1 9459003] Assonance

• "… the constant propagation of the deadly atom" (v.

* Asyndeton

All burdens, all difficulties, supports all friends, against all enemies … "(paragraph 5)

•" reveals the stars, conquers deserts, eradicates the disease, touches the depth of the ocean "(second paragraph of paragraph 18)

•" Energy, faith and devotion "(from the 4th to the last paragraph) Chiasmus

• "Never talk about fear. But do not be afraid to negotiate. "(Paragraph 15, second sentence)

•" Do not ask what your country can do for you – ask what you can do for your country "(last paragraph 3) 19659002] Climax

• "This will not end in the first hundred days. The first thousand days will not be completed, either in the administration's life or in the lives of our planet. "(8th and last paragraph) 19659002) •" help them to help themselves "(paragraph 9, first sentence)

•" good things to good deeds "(paragraph 10, first sentence)

• "free people and free governments" (paragraph 10) • "the tools of the war far exceeded the means of peace" (paragraph 11)

• "absolute power … absolute control …"

* • "You are very well or bad we want to …" (paragraph 5)

We promise – and more. (Paragraph 6) Ethos

• "Johnson Vice President, President, Judicial Boss, President Eisenhower, Vice President Nix President Truman, Clergy Reverend Citizens: Today we do not consider the party's victory but the holiday celebration – which symbolizes the end and the beginning – indicating renewal and change. "(paragraphs 1 and 2) [19659002] • "In the long history of the world, only a few generations have been granted the protection of freedom in the maximum threat hour. I will not strive for this responsibility – I welcome you. "(4th and last paragraph)

•" With our good conscience is our only sure reward, the ultimate judge of our deeds in history, let us lead the earth as we love, ask our blessings and help but knowing that God his work must really be his own. "Every nation must know whether it wants us well or badly, we will pay for all costs, we will bear the burden, we can meet all the difficulties, we support all (paragraph 5)

* • "The torch has been passed on to the new generation of Americans." (paragraph 4)

* is an old cultural one for the survival and freedom and those of spiritual origin who have a cultural and spiritual origin "(first sentence of the seventh paragraph)

•" new states we welcome in the ranks of freedom "(1st sentence, first sentence of the eighth paragraph) (see paragraph 9, first sentence)

• "the sovereign states, United Nations (paragraph 11)

• "Nations That Make You Enemy" (paragraph 12) Metanoia

• "The trumpet again invites us to pick up weapons, although we need weapons, not a call to fight, although we are pungent – but a call to bear the burden of a long, half-light fight, year after year and year, "rejoicing in hope, the sick in misery" – the struggle against one's common enemies: tyranny, poverty, disease and the war "(p. and last paragraph)

* Metaphor

• "We are the heirs of the First Revolution". (The first sentence of the fourth paragraph)

• "Let the word pass from this time and place, both his friend and his enemy (second sentence of the fourth paragraph)

•" riding on the back of the tiger " (paragraph 3, third sentence)

• "a" (tenth sentence)

• "chains of poverty" (paragraph 10, first sentence)

• "evolution of hope" (second paragraph of paragraph 10) (Paragraph 10, last sentence)

• "Equilibrium of terrorism" (paragraph 14)

• "And if a coastline of cooperation turns the jungle of suspicion …" (paragraph 20)

• "The energy, faith, and devotion we bring to this endeavor illuminates our country and all who serve it, and the light from the fire is truly illuminated by the world" (from the 4th to the last paragraph)

* *

• "This is a peaceful revolution." (A b The Second Word of Commencement)

Today is not the victory of the party, but the holiday of the holiday – symbolizes the end and is the beginning of renewal and change.

• "Every nation has to know whether it wants us good or bad, we pay every price, we wear all that we have." (First paragraph of the second paragraph) (paragraph 5)

• "Both parties will reveal what problems are united to us … firstly make serious and unimaginable precise suggestions for controlling and controlling weapons … Both parties should strive to draw the miracles of science … Both parties should unite … "(paragraphs 6-9)

•" There is little that we can not do (second and third sentences of the seventh paragraph)

• "If a free society can not help the poor, akko he can not save the few who are rich. "(paragraph 9, sentence)

*" Only if our weapons are sufficient "(paragraph 13, second sentence)

can no doubt be assured no doubt they will never be employed. "(The second sentence of paragraph 13)

* Pathos

•" the planet which tries to break the masses of miseries … "(paragraph 9, first sentence) "the young American tomb of responding to the call surrounds the world" (7th and last paragraph) [19659002] • "The energy, faith, and devotion we bring to this endeavor illuminates our country and all those who serve it. (the fourth to the last paragraph)

* Personification

• "The ultimate judge of our actions in history" (second sentence of last paragraph) [19659002] "Where the strong are just and the weak (9th and last paragraph)

* "Man in the mortal hands keeps all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life abolished" (third The first sentence of the first sentence of this article)

* • "We can sacrifice against the enemy a great and global alliance, North and South, East and West, which can guarantee a more fruitful life for all mankind • Join this historical effort "(from 5th to the last paragraph)." […]

• "Withdraw the heavy burden … (and) let the oppressed freely" b


• "Citizens of the world: do not ask what will you do for the United States, but we can do it for human freedom". the last paragraph). • We do not look at the victory of the party, but the holidays of liberty, which symbolize an end, and a beginning which means renewal and change. "(Paragraph 2, first sentence)

•" It is not like carrying a weapon, although we need weapons, not a call for combat, although we are spiky but a call to bear a long twilight fight, year after year and season "(From the 6th to the last paragraph)

*" The trumpet again invites us, we need weapons – not against the call to fight – but the call to bear the burden … (from 6 to the last

Embodiment of Statements: John F. Kennedy used 33 different types of rhetoric in his speeches. The most decisive rhetoric he used was the use of alliteration.

Conclusions: From the comprehensive analysis, it can be seen that it is obvious that it is aimed at attracting the public's attention to listening and understanding the points sensibly in the field of writing and speech

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